One of the central aspects of training a
Western horse is the quality of the pace. These paces are called the jog and the
lope, and are essentially a shorter-stride version of the trot and the canter.
One specialized move is the Western spin. Performed at full-speed, the horse
will pivot smoothly on the inner hind leg. All the moves that Western horses are
taught were originally developed for working with cattle. Cutting horses are the
standard for horses that perform real work on cattle ranches. However, the
Quarter horse is the superior example of Western show class competitions.
A Western saddle is made with a horn at the front—also called a pommel—which
can carry a looped rope, or can affix a rope when the rider is lassoing cattle.
Western horses use a curb-bridle or a bit-less bridle, and the saddles are made
with long stirrup leathers to allow the riders to use a straight-leg position.